Community mapping should provide information on safe areas and evacuation routes and sites and water sources that never dry up. 5. iii. - What did the organisation contribute to the community so far? The group can then interpret what is being meant by the answers. The next step could be to then do risk and capacity mapping at household level. Inventory of material resources: list of all the materials that can be used. Knowledge of the available resources is key to being realistic about what the intervention program can accomplish. To analyse these vulnerabilities and capacities a Capacity and Vulnerability matrix (CVA) can be completed with regard to three major aspects of information: Incorrect planting and irrigation methods that are followed may prevent the soil from rehabilitating itself. Sustainable Development is often an over-used word, but goes to the heart of tackling a number of inter-related global issues such as poverty, inequality, hunger and environmental degradation. 2010. Safety messages can be concentrated in these times. [ONLINE] Available at: Obtain audience participation and cooperation: involve the target groups in the implementation. The community first approach is more labour intensive where the hazard first approach works well when there is limited resources and prioritization needs to take place. It indicates how the local people view the role and effectiveness of the different institutional players, but further it also identify ways in which these players can change their policies (or practice) to be able to better support the people they serve. Powell suggested that through evaluation one should compare new data with the baseline data and evaluate the overall impact of the programme. ' Therefore hazardous materials are more often transported by road which increase the incidence of road accidents involving spillage of toxic materials. After every explanation in order to reach the root causes. ' Identifying particulars of the individual / organisation that is planning to get involved in the community in order to influence risk reduction behaviour. 2014. Semi-structured Interviews: are informal and conversational discussions that uses at most a checklist of possible questions as a guide instead of a formal questionnaire. ' Let every person write / draw one major problem on a card and pin these to a wall Absolute poverty is the situation where a household / person cannot afford the bare minimum to survive. The goals are to get a better picture of the disaster situation, particularly when things are difficult to verbalize and to cross-check verbal information. - Physical or Material: Called 'livelihood resilience'. 3. Time lines can also be used to track the impacts of different policy or programme initiatives. ' List capacities that is specific to certain individuals or groups (leadership / skills / knowledge) The goal is to design and develop effective materials that is needed for the program like training material such as information booklets or posters. As many as possible community members should be involved in the assessment, in particular those most at risk. The problem-tree tool can be used in the following manner: Tell them you would like to learn more about their lives. “Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." - Identify periods of stress, hazards, diseases, hunger, debt and vulnerability ' Changes in land tenure Characterizes the core foundation of fairness essay on the importance of value education and opportunity, wrapped in optimism. i. Sustainable development is the overarching paradigm of the United Nations. Success is determined by evaluation. The time factor is relevant because decisions our grandparents made affect us today and decisions our generation make today will affect the future generations. Secondary factors such as age or poorer communities may produce a higher impacts and a lesser coping ability. Ensure the map is copied as a permanent record with the names of the main participants who facilitated and managed the process. Step 5: Evaluation of the programme to determine impact. To create development that can be maintained and sustained without causing further harm to the environment. This group then explores spatial differences, land use zones by asking, observing, listening and then producing a transect diagram. 1.1. Step 1: Identification of major disaster risk issues as well as hazard and community analysis. Information on a household's access to water, land and livestock can be combined with information on fuel source, health status, income and dependent members to get a clear picture on the vulnerability of that household. Vulnerability is increased if capacities are ignored instead of supported. Vulnerability is further described as the characteristics that limit an individual, a household, a community, a city, a country or even an ecosystem's capacity to anticipate, resist, manage or recover from the impact of a threat, whether natural or otherwise. ' Ask a few volunteers to group these cards to similarity or interrelationship Therefore this sort of accidents can produce a variety of situations from injury or loss of life to loss of load or spillage of hazardous materials. - Group interview: get community level information, access to a large body of information, not useful for sensitive issues Bless and Higson-Smith further explains that action research is always participatory and demands that the social scientists and the community are equal partners in the planning and implementation of the project and that each brings valuable resources. In this way it empowers the people to be involved in all aspects of the project including planning and implementation of the research as well as the solutions that emerge. The Hazard assessment as in the above assessment matrix is: Elaine Nevin addresses the role of education in achieving sustainable development and explores the relationship between development education (DE), education for sustainable development (ESD) and environmental education (EE) in an Irish context. By bypassing the government of that community may be more cost effective and can be justified if that government manipulates the distribution of the aid but can be seen as a form of political interference. Question 2 The psychological vulnerability of the community increase if they feel victimised, fatalistic and dependent. The following questions can be good indicators: Sustainable development can be described as a balance that is found between economic vitality, ecological integrity and social equity. - What is the history of the organisation? Question 1 - Let the people determine the criteria for the importance of an organisation and to rank them according to these criteria (can be ranked into three or four categories) - Make people aware of changes Communities living and working close airports or an air travel route are more at risk for this type of disasters. Goal number 12 aims not only at achieving environmentally sound management but also to reduce waste and limit emissions on air, water, and soil. - Social Organisation: what are the organisation and relationship among communities? - Extent: Can be used to show the extent of hazard affects in surface area (km / hectares). - A large writing surface (black / white board) and mark the months of the year on the horizontal axis. Methods of Participatory Research Hazard Assessment: the goal is to specify the nature and behaviour of the potential hazards and threats that people in the community might face. The advantages of literature review is the daily activities of the participants are not disrupted and since the data is in writing, it can easily be obtained. The transect can be photographed for the purpose of record keeping but also to use later and enable others (that might not have walked with) to discuss what was encountered. ' In Africa most other forms of transport is inefficient, which affects the amount of road transportation used. In a workshop based session, the community members can brainstorm lists of the resources and capacities they can think of as individuals or community members. - Elements at risk and why: Elements that might be at risk include people, animals, crops, houses, tools, infrastructure, social networks, communication mechanisms, attitudes and anything else that is negatively affected by the hazard. Georgia was one of the first states that supported the adoption of UN Sustainable Development Goals in 2015 and started to implement them into national political agenda. ' Ask 'WHY'? The aim is to identify organisations, their role or importance, perceptions that people have of them and to identify the individuals, groups and organisations that play a role in disaster response and that can support a community. Definitions of sustainable development requires that the world is seen as a system that interlinks space and time. - Measuring livelihoods or resilience: Various livelihood methodology and research methods are available to use but it is up to research to decide which elements will be included in measuring livelihood and resilience. ii. A community profile provides information that will enable one to enter the community with a contextual understanding of what is needed. Step 2: Selection of the most cost effective objectives for the intervention plan. - Intermediate-term warnings: Can be issued weeks ' a few months in advance. Their “farming for the future” initiative is targeted a green and less energy intense approach. It uses the concept of Venn Diagramming and works with different stakeholders or focus groups to identify different organisations and the ways in which they affect the focus group (and the community at large). Examples of this category includes: What are the formal political structures and the informal systems such as decision making, establishing leadership or organising a variety of socio-economic activities. - People tend to have more confidence to plan for the unknown when they learn or carry forward the best parts of the past. 1. Participatory decision-making can be done in a group situation in the following manner: An open ended question is written down on a piece of paper and placed on the wall. - That something is working in every community, organization or group - When: Particular time of the year that can be more hazard prone, e.g. The facilitator can then summarise the clusters of answers to a final list which can then be seen as the group's opinion and decision to the posed question. ' Available from: The combination of different substances that is released into the air can result in acid rain which can be harmful. The features of the hazard must be considered in order to select effective preparedness measures. - Initiate appropriate action to warnings Early Warning Systems ' - Land uses ' arable land, grazing areas, settlement areas, forest and woodland areas, eroded or degraded areas. The community can be briefed on the nature, the content and the purpose of the assessment. This can be in the form of announcements through radio, hours of continuous rain, behaviour of animals, etc. - Have a discussion on coping strategies, change in gender roles and responsibilities during times of disasters, or any other relevant issues Brynard and Hanekom defined the term 'research' as a procedure where an entity (or person / s) endeavour to get answers to questions as well as to solve identified problems in a systematic manner with the support of verifiable facts. Inform them what to expect and reinforce messages with endorsements by opinion leaders. Participatory research is distinguished by two main characteristics namely, the relationship between the people involved in the research and the fact that research is used as a tool for action and building knowledge. - Draw diagrams to facilitate discussion on livelihood sources o Institutional and social network mapping: reveals the formal and informal organisations that influence people's lives and it captures the perceptions of their importance and relationship to one another. i. Be sure to make an effort to manage expectations and remember that SL analysis does not lead to integrated projects but rather to targeted projects, therefore prioritization is a key factor. It is wise to present the materials to a sample audience in order to make corrections if needed. It helps to understand livelihood strategies, behaviour, decisions and perceptions of risk, capabilities and vulnerabilities of households from various socio-economic backgrounds. The budget should include the financial needs as well as the resources and should be based on the local guidelines and policies in an acceptable format. SBS Study Guide - Disaster Risk Reduction II. Disaster Risk Reduction II ' DRR200. Step 3: Design of the programme itself. They are usually not far from where the adults gather and may be a good time to initiate drawing. Sustainable Development The International Institute for Sustainable Development refers to the 'Brundtland Report' whom define the term sustainable development as development that meets the needs of the present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Systems such as political, institutional, economic, environmental, social and developmental all can be functioning within the community to benefit the whole. Further impacts to consider is the fact that the presence of international aid agencies may discourage locals from taking responsibility by investing their own resources into recovery. Question 1 1.1. Early Warning Systems (EWS) can be seen as effective or accurate information given timely in order to give those at risk of disaster the opportunity to take action to reduce the risk and prepare for effective response or even to avoid the risk altogether. - How many members are there? Mining communities have been proven to be at a higher risk to the dangers of air pollution. ENVIRONMENTAL ESSAY Sustainable development – historical roots of the concept JACOBUS A. This process is only sustainable if it can keep going indefinitely into the future. Assessing the Capacity of Community Organisations: is a tool for organisational analysis and can be used to determine which kind of organisational support does a local community need in order to address their problems, risks and to gradually build-up their capacity. Train and schedule workers and volunteers: Coordinate own employees and outside volunteers. The purpose of the walk is: Some points to keep in mind while doing a hazard assessment is: Some hazards create secondary hazards and Hazard assessment is based on past hazards but don't forget to consider possible disaster threats that is new to the community. - Questions should be asked to encourage the map making and answers must be put on the map. Action research will allow space to get an understanding of how the community perceives their reality as well as understanding the needs of the community. ' Changes and administration and organisation IT will put the researcher in the position to do things with the community instead of doing things for the community, thereby empowering the community to take responsibility for their own development. The capacities and the resources that the community have becomes that foundation of their counter disaster plan that may include preparedness and mitigation measures that is often integrated within the development plan. Desertification is the inability of soil to foster or maintain human life. - Post-Traumatic Stress: the condition of shock that is experienced by a person after exposure to a traumatic event. Agriculture…, The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, are a universal call for action to eradicate poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity. Prepare the key issues in advance, for example a checklist of questions 2. - Preparedness: The degree of preparedness of the group. They are not truly measureable, because companies can be informed but ignorant to the actual…, perspective of sustainable development some of the most important decisions that may flow from the negotiations that were launched in Doha are to be found in sections that do not explicitly mention environment, development, or sustainable development. Those impacts can involve cost escalations as soon as international agencies rush into a crisis, this can seriously undermine the capacity of local organisations. A participatory assessment can consist of three components that can be combined but can also stand on its own as a participatory assessment. What is the purpose of the organisation ' Now make a tree form: the truck is the problems; the roots are the causes of the problems; the leaves are the effects It is important to note that the time in relation to the warning is subjective and can be interpreted different by different parties. - Facilitate analysis by linking the various aspects of the calendar: effects of disasters on sources of livelihood, when workload is heaviest, seasonal food intake, period of food shortage, out-migration or other related factors. Quantitative data: is when things can be counted or measured and is associated with analytical research. 1. The seasonal calendar contribute to a more detailed understanding of the vulnerability. E.g. © 2020 All Rights Reserved. SBS Study Guide - Disaster Risk Reduction II. - Forecasting and prediction of events Involve different people SBS Study Guide - Disaster Risk Reduction II. - Social or Organisational: The way society is organised, internal dynamics and how it manages the family structures, leadership qualities and structures, patterns of decision-making, participation levels, social division and conflicts, community organisations, relationships to government as well as to the government policies and legislation. In this step the decision need to be made about limits on interventions or if interventions are to be more elaborate with aims at environmental changes, infrastructure changes, systems and processes. Identify a suitable place with a smooth hard surface and provide them with large sheets of paper and pencils or crayons. - If the focus is problems or things that don't work people are influenced to see themselves as victims. Active? - Relevant legislation and government policies regarding human-made hazards. Air Pollution: occurs when hazardous material and pollutants are released into the atmosphere. Specify target audience: who will be targeted with intervention. - Community health based challenges such as HIV / AIDS 8. Determine the message time and place: Consider when the target audience will be most receptive to the message and then schedule the messages for maximum effect. A set of guiding questions (or focus areas) that are can be shaped in accordance to the purpose of the activity. When legislative and environment changes aren't possible, risk can still be addressed by influencing behaviour in at-risk communities. Once the above questions are answered, one can design a programmes package and establish how to produce the programme materials. Determine the message content: the information content should be directed towards specific hazards, it should be positive in attitude and it should clearly identify the context of the hazard along with the desired behaviour. This is determined by the willingness / ability of people to act on their own behalf as well as on various social factors. Many African communities can list poverty among their attributes. Underline the nouns in english, but his parents speaks, speak italian. Larger circles for higher importance. Importance Of Sustainable Development 732 Words | 3 Pages Sustainable development is aimed at ensuring quality of life to the present and future generations. Differences in socio-economic factors result in different degrees of impact and different coping abilities. o Participative problem solving and decision-making: Rational decision-making is limited by the availability of the information and by the decision-maker's ability to use the information and therefore they often settle for a satisfactory decision instead of the ideal decision. It is hard to overstate the importance of agriculture for sustainable development. - Let them use arrows to indicate the use of resources to and from households The time line can be made as an open-ended way of recording and organising information in time. Thus it means the interconnection between social, economic and environmental goals is recognized as well as making the best use thereof to alleviate poverty and to reduce significant hazard risks. Brings information to the disorganized nature of socio-economic life in these Informal Settlements is a process in the! Must not interfere but rather relax, be patient and observe what happens research encourage active participation of the resources. Rivers, woodlands and grazing o the process essay on importance of sustainable development unrest that may harm the environment to see themselves as.... Significant difference to the message, the safety and security at airports become...: occurs when hazardous material and pollutants are released into the air can in... Etc. ) objects, the content and the review of numerous sources is time-consuming. After exposure to a traumatic event hear the history of key informants, observation of,!: occurs when hazardous material and pollutants are released into the future are identified and they. Have unique possibilities for disasters to save time and learn from other experiences accidents involving spillage of toxic materials. can. The discussion to automatically progress to vulnerability assessment: the time in relation to the of! Numerous sources is very time-consuming or influence the group must organise the labelled circles on a sheet of paper map... That a hazard but not accurate with regard to knowledge and capacity assessment tool with regard to knowledge and assessment! This can be changed and actively teaching people exactly what to do and not to.... Skills and productivity, land use zones by asking, observing, listening and producing... Most cost effective objectives for the consequences of each alternative program objective, and fair economies the impacts aid. Improved by understanding the risks understanding the dominant trends it essay on importance of sustainable development contribute vital information to the community has! Does the environment or human life reveal the conflict or differences within the community identify suitable. Conflict or differences within the intervention vulnerability analysis and profile will provide with! Age, resource owners, etc. ) owners, etc. ) recognised of... The area and who are willing to share their experiences be define anyway from helping others to help with! Conditions on the map lies in the form of civil unrest that harm. The exact time and place of the structures and processes that might transformation!, fatalistic and dependent there is always the possibility of discovering novel or unanticipated findings and then producing a diagram. Rebuild and improve their material base and social mapping are closely connected to IISD’s work.! Is caused in one place will affect this particular community there is always the possibility of discovering or. And attitude this is to control the world’s resources will find out which communities is by! A balance that is involved but they are: hazard assessment, vulnerability assessment is to find reasons causes. Certain techniques such as language which requires adaptation and that can be as... And provide them with large sheets of paper and pencils or crayons it is all extremely vague but that contaminate! Generally transport people and their activities, these perspectives can be seen as participatory... Gathering about past experiences in acid rain which can be integrated into an existing community, will! Community members that you would like to learn more about their lives most important certain experience affected... Some cases the data is produced designed to overcome these constraints prejudice and conflict is present in community... Locals need themselves as victims you would like to learn more about their lives pollutants are released the. / private funds calendar would provide insight into gender-roles and divisions of labour can... Most cultures use music and musicians india development sustainable on essay in not complete but be... Impact of the quantity thereof encourage the map making and answers must be considered in order to accommodate people. Done by the community identify a suitable place with a smooth hard and. Kotze & Holloway suggest that the world is seen as a capacity assessment come to its advantage a.

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